Tonsils and adenoids are the body’s first line of defense as part of the immune system. The tonsils are two clusters of tissue located on both sides of the back of the throat. Adenoids sit high in the throat behind the nose and the roof of the mouth. Tonsils and adenoids can become repeatedly infected requiring treatment with medications. They can also become enlarged, blocking the upper airway, leading to breathing difficulties. In both of these cases, the tonsils and adenoids may need to be removed. Our ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist will recommend the best treatment options for your individual case.